Borrowing is the introduction of a word from one language or dialect into another. Borrowings are sometimes called loan words. Many French words, for example, where introduced into the Middle English lexicon. And during the Renaissance, many Latin and Greek loan words were brought in.
In his book, The Horse The Wheel And Language: How Bronze-Age Riders From The Eurasian Steppes Shapped The Modern World, author David W. Anthony makes an interesting statement: Anthony notes, “A language that borrows many words and phrases from another language changes more rapidly than one with a low borrowing rate” (Anthony).
Anthony, David W., The Horse The Wheel And Language: How Bronze-Age Riders From The Eurasian Steppes Shapped The Modern World. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2007. Kindle.